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Zweden

 
 
 
 
 

Sweden - NVR : 74 S-(VKM)
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SJ - Statens Järnvägar


The Swedish State Railways (Swedish: Statens Järnvägar) or SJ, originally the Royal Railway Board (Swedish: Kungl. Järnvägsstyrelsen), is a former government agency responsible for operating the state railways in Sweden.
In 1988, the tracks were transferred to the Swedish Rail Administration, and parts of SJ were gradually transformed into limited companies. SJ was disbanded in 2001, with the assest transferred to seven separate companies, all owned by the Swedish Government:

- SJ AB:   usually called SJ, the passenger train operator
- Green Cargo:  is a Swedish logistics company transporting various types of goods by train. It was created on 1 January 2001 out of the logistics division of Statens Järnvägar (SJ) and became a government-owned limited company
- Jernhusen AB , real estate, Jernhusen AB owns and runs railway stations and other buildings attached to the railway network in Sweden. The company was formed in January 2001 as part of the break-up of Statens Järnvägar, the former national railway. It remains wholly owned by the Swedish   government.
- EuroMaint, train maintenance
- Unigrid, information technology
- TraffiCare, which provides terminal services, e.g. train cleaning and switching
- TrainTech Engineering, currently a part of Interfleet Technology, the technical unit.

Some of them have been sold to other companies, but SJ AB, Green Cargo and Jernhusen are still (2010) fully government owned. Apart from these companies, Statens Järnvägar still exists as a governmental agency. It controls some property, but has no regular railroad activities. It has not been dismantled due to technical reasons.Rail transport in Sweden uses a network of 13,000 km of track, the 20th largest in the world. Construction of the first railway line in Sweden began in 1855. The major operator is the state-owned SJ AB.
Sweden is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). The UIC Country Code for Sweden is 74.
The monopoly of the state owned railway operator has to some extent been cancelled. Major national passenger train operators SJ AB (usually just called SJ), and the cargo transport operator, Green Cargo, are both fully owned by the state. A private company Tågkompaniet operates in central Sweden, and there are a number of regional companies. Tram systems are used in Gothenburg, Norrköping and Stockholm. There is a metro system in Stockholm, the Stockholm Metro.



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
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